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Understanding the 5 Year Parent Route Requirements: A Comprehensive Guide

Understanding the 5 Year Parent Route Requirements: A Comprehensive Guide

Are you considering applying for a settlement visa through the 5-Year Parent Route?  If so, you will need to know the requirements of the visa. It cannot be easy to ensure you meet all the requirements. So, in this blog, we are going to discuss the 5-year parent route requirements in detail. Also, we will simplify the process so you can have greater peace of mind as you take this journey. So, keep reading.

What is the 5-Year Parent Route?

The 5-Year Parent Route is a visa that allows non-EEA citizens who are parents of a British or settled child to live and work in the UK for five years. After five years, the parents can apply for indefinite leave to remain and eventually for British citizenship. The 5-Year Parent Route visa allows parents to reunite with their children.

5 Year Parent Route Requirements for Visa

Following are the parent visa UK requirements:

1. Financial Requirements

Applicants must prove they can support themselves and any dependents without relying on public funds throughout their stay. The exact financial requirement depends on the number of dependents applying and their ages.

2. English Language Proficiency Requirements

Applicants must prove their proficiency in the English language. So, you can prove English language proficiency in two ways;

3. Evidence of Your Relationship with Your Child

You must prove your genuine relationship with your British or settled child. However, you can prove this by submitting documentation such as birth certificates or adoption papers.

4. Other Required Documentation

Applicants may be required to submit documentation certifying that they are free of preceding criminal convictions. Besides, they can be asked to take a tuberculosis test. But it depends on the country the application is submitted from.

Applying for the 5-Year Parent Visa UK

To apply for the 5-year parent route visa, follow these steps:

Step 1: Review the Requirements

Before applying for a visa, reviewing the visa requirements is important. This includes financial requirements, English language proficiency requirements, evidence of your relationship with your child, and other required documentation. So, meet all the requirements before beginning the application process. 

Step 2: Online Application

The applicant must submit the application for the 5-Year Parent Visa online. You should complete the application form carefully by providing all the required information and documents. The form will ask for details about your identity, your child’s identity, and evidence of your relationship with your child. Besides, proof of your English language skills, your ability to support yourself, and medical and criminal background information.

Step 3: Biometric Appointment 

After filling out the online application, you will attend a biometric appointment to have your fingerprints and photograph taken. Ensure you bring all necessary documentation, such as your passport and evidence of your relationship with your child.

Step 4: Application Processing

Once the application and biometric appointment are complete, the home office will process your application. The processing time may take up to 12 weeks, depending on the country you are applying from. Hence, check your email regularly, as you may be requested to provide additional information or documents.

To ensure the success of your application, it is important to understand each step of the process and carefully prepare all required documentation. Seeking professional guidance might be necessary for a hassle-free application process.

Pitfalls to Avoid in Meeting the 5-Year Parent Visa UK Requirements 

The 5-year parent visa is popular for parents wishing to live with their British or settled child. However, applying for a visa can be complex, and there are several common pitfalls that applicants should avoid. Following are a few of them.

1. Incorrectly Filling Out the Application Form

One of the most common reasons for a visa application to be rejected is incorrectly filling out the application form. Applicants need to ensure that they provide all the required information. In addition, they answer all questions truthfully and accurately and provide supporting documentation where required.

To overcome this pitfall, carefully read through the application form and any guidance notes provided. Seek professional guidance if you need help understand any part of the form.

2. Insufficient Financial Evidence

The 5-Year Parent Routes visa requires applicants to prove they meet strict financial requirements. Some applicants need to provide more documentation or show an ability to support themselves financially in the UK. Hence, this is another common pitfall.

Provide an accurate and detailed account of your financial circumstances. To overcome this pitfall, ensure that you have carefully reviewed the financial requirements and have provided all required documentation. Moreover, any supporting financial evidence like bank statements, tax returns, or pay slips ensures that the Home Office fully understands your financial circumstances.

3. Inadequate Evidence of Relationship with Child

Providing adequate documentation to prove the relationship between an applicant and their British child can be challenging for some applicants. Some applicants may find obtaining official birth certificates or adoption papers difficult. This is another pitfall.

So, to overcome this pitfall, ensure you have gathered all the evidence that the Home Office accepts to prove your relationship. This may include official birth certificates, adoption papers, and other documents showing that you have been involved in your child’s life.

4. Incorrect Visa Application Category

Submitting an application under the incorrect visa category is another common pitfall for applicants. Applying under the wrong category for your circumstances may lead to the visa application being rejected or severe delay.

To overcome this pitfall, ensure you have carefully read the guidelines regarding the different visa categories and chosen the right category for your circumstances. Seek professional advice if you need clarification on which visa category you should apply for.



Can I switch to the 5-year parent route from another visa category?

Yes, depending on your circumstances, you can switch to the 5-year parent route from specific other visa categories.

How much does it cost to apply for the 5-year parent route?

Applying for the 5-year parent route costs £1,538 and £1,048.  But it may vary depending on your circumstances.

What documents do I need to provide for the 5-year parent route application?

You must provide various documents, including your passport, evidence of your relationship with the British citizen or settled person, and proof of meeting the financial requirements.

How long does it take to process the 5-year parent route application?

The processing time for the 5-year parent route application can vary. The average processing time is approximately 8 months.

What happens if my 5-year parent route application is refused?

If your 5-year parent route application is refused, you can appeal the decision or submit a new application.

Can I apply for settlement or ILR under the 5-year parent route?

Yes, after spending 5 years in the UK under the parent route, you can apply for settlement or ILR.

Do I need to meet the English language requirement for the 5-year parent route?

Yes, you will need to meet the English language requirement. However, you can prove this by passing an approved English language test.

Can I apply for the 5-year parent route without a criminal record?  

It depends on the nature of the criminal record. Certain criminal convictions may make you ineligible for the 5-year parent route.


So, meeting the 5-Year Parent Route requirements can be challenging. But it is essential for a successful visa application. By understanding the eligibility criteria, financial, English language, and knowledge of life in the UK requirements, you can determine if you are eligible for the visa. Additionally, seeking professional advice can increase your chances of success. 

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Our Head Solicitor
Khurram Amir Qureshi

Khurram Amir Qureshi has been an advocate of Pakistan since 2004, a Solicitor of England and Wales since 2009, Solicitor of Ireland since 2015. He has extensive experience in family law, Immigration law, Personal injury cases, and Civil and Commercial litigation gaining over 13 years of continuous practice in England and Wales.

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